Without it they will experience high levels of stress. Because otters are so smart, and if you are looking for a humane approach to trapping and releasing them, your best options are either a spring load trap or a gravity trap. They don’t have a natural fear of humans though like so many other animals do. It is one of the rarest otter species. Thanks! Due to trapping, water pollution and habitat degradation, the numbers of North American river otter had declined through most of their range by the early 1900s. Instead the sea otter relies on its thick fur to keep its body temperature around 100 degrees. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. It is a gregarious species, living in groups of up to 20 individuals, and will attack potential predators such as caimans. Its scientific name is Emhydra Lutris Lutris Linneo, and it is also called Asian sea otter. Some species of Otters live in the extremely cold waters. The North American river otter's body is built for streamlined swimming. Otter - Otter - Conservation and classification: Nearly all species of otters face increasing threat as urbanization and logging continue. Otters spend a large amount of time in the water, yet they still have fur. An endangered species, the adult sea otter is the smallest of the marine mammals. However, it is important to note that these animals need adequate land to be able to survive. However, only time will tell if they are subspecies of those already identified and classified or not. Otters range in size from 3 kg (6.6 pounds) in the Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus, formerly Amblonyx cinereus) to 26 kg (57 pounds) in the giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) and 45 kg (99 pounds) in the sea otter (Enhydra lutris). There is some debate as to whether the Congo clawless otter is a separate species to the African clawless otter (A.capensis), but it is considered a separate species by the IUCN Otter Specialist Group. For all-around protection, durability, and style, look no further than the OtterBox Commuter Series. The South American river otter can be found in marine, freshwater, and terrestrial habitats throughout Chile and Argentina. Body Type: Large, hairy, often with facial hair. They have been able to adjust to new environments due to their land being taken over. Excellent and lithe swimmers, the young are in the water by 10 weeks of age. To ensure that they stay dry they must spend… Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences. As of 2011, they can be found in every English county, including some urban rivers. Sign surveys started in 2009 and tell us which habitats otters use in the park, over time. River otters are sometimes mistaken for their much larger seagoing cousin, the sea otter. This is due to the severe damage that it creates for their coat. Otter Species. All species of Otters are mammals due to the fact that they give live birth to their offspring and that they nurse from their mothers. Due to the large volume of food they consume, otters can prove very problematic for fishermen or private land owners. Sea Otter; African Clawless Otter; European Otter; Giant Otter; Northern River Otter; For example they can’t do well when the waters contain pollutants including chemicals or oil. Thus, although widespread, it's still la… The Sea Otter is also one that is very popular due to the attention it gets for being different from the others in some huge ways. Knowing where otters are is important for many reasons—for example, protecting endangered species that can be otter food, like coho salmon or the chicks of Ridgway’s rails. If one of your favourite foods includes shellfish, you’re going to need … Otters are carnivorous mustelids in the Lutrinae subfamily. Small rounded ears and nostrils close when the otter is underwater. In the wild, the distribution range of this species includes India, Taiwan and southern China. For example it helps to move the kelp around in the water. There are 13 species in total, ranging from the small-clawed otter to the giant otter. Guessing as to the reason for their widespread distribution, it could be suggested that each solitary otter requires a very large territory, as in the case of the Eurasian Otter. You can unsubscribe at any time. While it’s hard to paint with a wide brush, it is fair to say that many of … While they are very intelligent though simply can’t adapt to some of the changes that come their way due to humans. Males are larger than females. Generally, they can be divided into three categories: body grip traps, paw hold traps, and live cages. The European otter, or l utra lutra (scientific name), is a carniverous mammal of the Mustelidae family (mustelid). It is found most often in areas with protection from the most severe ocean winds, such as rocky coastlines, thick kelp forests, and barrier reefs. In some areas where two or more species overlap, one may be a marine species and the other a freshwater species, such as the marine and southern otters of southern South America. Otter Species. The Otters’ scientific name is Lutrinae and in this article we will focus on the river otters among which we find four very important species such as the river wolves, the north American River Otter, the eurasian otters and finally the extinct Japanese otter. How to Get Rid of Otters in the River Otters are a playful bunch, enjoying social interactions and daily routines with obvious glee. Otters are gentle creatures by nature that tend to mind their own business. Some of them have long claws, others have those that are very short or simply lack of them. Even so, you are better off to observe them from a distance in their natural habitat. Otters make great use of tools. This is why so many people take delight in observing them. Description: The bigger, generally older subset … This is one of the main reasons why they have been so easy to capture and to kill for their fur over the years. The marine otter is found along the western coast of the South American continent, with patchy distribution due to some unsuitable habitat and increased human occupation. This otter is found in coastal areas and on larger inland rivers across Southeast Asia (Myanmar, South Thailand, Cambodia, South Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia, including Sumatra and Borneo). Should that bacteria develop it would harm and even kill Otters and other types of animals found in the water. The types of otters found in an area and the laws for their protection varies from country to country. In Monterey Bay, California, researchers found that each sea otter tends to specialize in only a few types of the more than 50 available invertebrates. The neotropical otter is also called the South American river otter, the long-tailed otter, and the La Plata otter. © Ariadne Van Zandbergen/GettyUntil recently, the spotted-necked otter was considered to be part of the Lutra genus, but it is now placed in the Hydrictus genus. This species is the most widely distributed of all the otters, ranging through Eurasia up to the Arctic Circle, from Ireland to Kamchatka, and south to North Africa, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. Check out our iNaturalist projects: Minnesota Metro Otter Survey By entering your details, you are agreeing to Discover Wildlife terms and conditions and privacy policy. River otters forage alone or in pairs. The Giant Otter is one of the most popular that people know about. You can discover some of our favourite otter facts here: Editorial and digital co-ordinator at BBC Wildlife Magazine, and countryfile.com. Biologists found remains of sunfish, carp and shad most often in droppings collected in northwestern Illinois. Generally speaking mustelids are long-bodied, short-legged, thickly furred and tend to be active at night, which makes them elusive. On the Shetland Islands, some otters have been known to abandon fishing in favour of rabbit hunting. Otters have a long muscular tail, short stout legs and thick oiled fur. Otters have a very unique feature that all species have exhibited – the ability to use tools to open up food. Otter Species. This includes when they are in captivity. This species has the widest distribution of all the Lontra … Sea Otter. Otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as 'holts'. Maybe you sometimes go by your middle name instead of your first name. Meet the adorable members of the otter family from around the world. What is an otter? However, sea otters are acclimated to salt water, and come to shore only for occasional rest periods and to give birth. In comparison, river otters can be found in fresh, brackish, or salt water, and can travel overland for considerable distances. Description. Common Sea Otter. In the mean time a great deal of effort is put on making sure that the remaining 13 species of Otters out there continue to thrive. There are 13 extant species of otter around the world, one of which is native to the UK. There are 13 known species of Otters left in the world with at least one that was removed from the list due to extinction. That’s because this body type directly borrows from north American otters who are known for this trait . Currently stable populations exist in parts of the Russian east coast, Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, and California, with reports of recolonisations in Mexico and Japan. Two species are marine, with the others living predominantly in fresh water. Until 1998, it was thought to have been extinct, but small populations have been discovered since then. 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