“Of course, there are always exceptions, but generally the more mature the grass, the lower the NSC or at least the lower the calories. Several factors affect the NSC levels found in a cutting of hay. Make sure you are feeding adequate levels of hay to support a healthy digestive tract. Put each sample in the bag and mix well. Each product is scientifically formulated and made with high-quality ingredients at certified manufacturing facilities. The warm season grasses (native grasses such as blue grama, sideoats grama, switchgrass, etc.) Timothy Hay is an exceptional roughage and fiber source. Tifton has a much higher digestibility rate and higher fiber content than Coastal. I am sorry to hear you are having difficulties with your gelding, I know it is frustrating. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. This warm-season grass measures at the low end of the normal range for ethanol soluble carbohydrates, measuring between 4.7 percent and 10.9 percent. A mature horse requires at least 10% protein. In fact, grasses are more likely to form higher amounts of fructans than grains. Typical NSC levels in different types of hay*, *Values from Equi-analytical Laboratories. As long as you feeding an adequate amount of fiber, and some long hay (recommendations range for 25% to 50%) along with cubes or pellets, your horse will probably do fine. We gave him a year to grow out his hooves. Please Note: If your rabbit is very sensitive to diet changes (and most are), then please introduce any changes or additions of this kind, very gradually. We drew blood and he had slightly elevated sugar levels, normal thyroid, and normal everywhere else. Here is a good article with information about how and why to feed beet pulp. Hay has the highest dry matter content of the forage fed to horses and ponies. Not that she isnt willing to pay for the hay and the test (thats good in my thinking process ). The ideal moisture content of hay when it is baled is 12 to 18 percent moisture. Each manufacturer will designate a minimum amount to be fed. In summary, graze more mature forages, keep animals active while watching their calorie intake, limit time grazing, and be sure to provide other feeds in supplement to the grasses – especially those that supply a greater lignin content. Water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) are extracted from the sample with water. Ask your veterinarian to rule out advanced arthritis with radio graphs and flexion tests. Grass sugar content fluctuates with the time of day, season, and weather. Cool season grasses like our Michigan brome, orchard and Timothy, typically have higher sugar content than warm season grasses. If you have further questions, please let me know. When health issues arise, always seek the advice of a licensed veterinarian who can help you choose the correct course of action for your horse. Supplements are intended to maintain healthy systems and support recovery and healing. Brome being a low source of calcium can be a problem with does in milk and if the do not get alfalfa hay or pellets, I'd be concerned with milk fever. So when is the best time to harvest? Have your hay tested and pay close attention to the levels of NSC (nonstructural carbohydrates, or sugars), CF (crude fiber) and DE (digestible energy, or calories). Excessive moisture due to rain can cause the hay to mold when it is baled or processed. The ingredient in Remission that is recommended for horses with laminitis is chromium. High quality forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses. Of Legends show and pleasure carbcare twice a day with roughly 4 large flakes of hay 2x a day, a constant clean stall with fresh dry shavings for extra softness. Horses can have laminitis and not present with bone rotation right away. Even though it is low in sugar, its high protein levels can adversely impact the IR horse. Since finding brome…it’s a one-size-fits-all hay that they all enjoy. If we take horses out of their natural environment so they are handy to catch and Multiple cuttings from the same field of grass can yield hay with different levels of NSC. Stage of maturity can also influence NSC content, Crandell noted. Kentucky Performance Products developed Micro-Phase for easy keepers and sugar-sensitive horses. Timing pasture access for horses with EMS, IR, or a history of laminitis can help prevent serious problems. Let’s review your horse’s diet and see what changes you may be able to make. Beet Tops (Sugar) 20 Beef Magazine 2009 Bermuda grass (hay) 63.3 UC Cooperative Extension 2009 Bermuda grass (seed screenings) 91.4 94.3 87.9 UC Cooperative Extension 2009 Bermuda Grass Hay 93.1 94.4 91.8 Dairy One Bermuda Grass Silage 38.6 50.3 26.8 Dairy One Bermudagrass Coastal Dehydrated 90 Beef Magazine 2009 In NJ we had very little grass in our turn out. Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. Fructan is a type of carbohydrate that plants accumulate and store for energy. Soak it for 30 minutes in warm water or 60 minutes in cold water. I hope this information is helpful. The type of plant, maturity when harvested, time of cutting, time spent curing in the field, and environmental conditions during harvest all contribute to the amount of NSC found in the plant. Main content Content HAY CHART Home > Care Guide > Diet > Hay > Hay Chart . 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